Road infrastructure maintenance inspection is typically a labor-intensive and critical task to ensure the safety of all road users. Existing state-of-the-art techniques in Artificial Intelligence (AI) for object detection and segmentation help automate a huge chunk of this task given adequate annotated data. However, annotating videos from scratch is cost-prohibitive. For instance, it can take an annotator several days to annotate a 5-minute video recorded at 30 FPS. Hence, we propose an automated labelling pipeline by leveraging techniques like few-shot learning and out-of-distribution detection to generate labels for road damage detection. In addition, our pipeline includes a risk factor assessment for each damage by instance quantification to prioritize locations for repairs which can lead to optimal deployment of road maintenance machinery. We show that the AI models trained with these techniques can not only generalize better to unseen real-world data with reduced requirement for human annotation but also provide an estimate of maintenance urgency, thereby leading to safer roads.
This paper has been accepted by and presented during the IRF (International Road Federation) Global R2T Conference & Exhibition.